Me Human, You Alien: How to Talk to an Extraterrestrial by Jonathan Vos Post

(c) 1996 by Emerald City Publishing an excerpt from a book entitled THE HANDBOOK OF UFO CONTACT, to appear Spring 1997, New York: William Morrow & Co.

Copyright 1996, by Emerald City Publishing. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced without permission. May be posted electronically provided that it is transmitted unaltered, in its entirety, and without charge. Return to Table of Contents

Appendix: People to Contact for First Contact

These organizations WANT you to contact them first, even though they are not included in the SETI Post-Detection Protocol: The Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), one of the oldest and largest UFO groups, with members in every state, who collect data and investigate claims: Mutual UFO Network, 103 Oldtowne Road, Seguin, TX 78155 The J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS), 2457 West Peterson Ave., Chicago, IL 60659, (312) 271-3611 The remaining references have not necessarily ASKED to be contacted, but represent other types of authority and expertise beyond UFOlogy as such, and should be seriously considered on a high-priority basis: (1) the top Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) officers of the National Security Agency, at xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), at xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), at xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; (CIA Director John Deutch is a former Chemistry professor); (2) the top Mathematical Linguist from each of Caltech and MIT, plus Noam Chomsky if MIT doesn't volunteer him; Frederick Thompson, Caltech, (818) 354-6230, Noam Chomsky, Department of Linguistics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02319, (617) 253-1541, (617) 258-8226 fax; (3) the Presidents of these organizations: Science Fiction & Fantasy Writers of America, Michael Capobianco, 14005 Robey Dr., Hughesville, MD 20637, (301) 274-9489, fax (301) 870-9181, Genie -- M.CAPABIANCO, Compuserve -- 70713,44 The American Association for the Advancement of Science, Executive Director Dr. Richard S. Nicholson, 1333 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20005, (202) 326-6400, (202) 289-4021 fax; the American Astronautical Society, Executive Director Carolyn F. Brown, 6352 Rolling Mill Pl., Ste.102, Springfield, VA 22152, (703) 866-0020, (703) 866-3526 fax; the American Astronomical Society, Dr. Peter B. Boyce, 1630 Connecticut Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20009, (202) 328-2010, (202) 234-2560 fax; the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Executive Director Cort Durocher, 370 L'Enfant Promendade SW, Washington, DC 20024, (202) 646-7400, (202) 646-7508 fax; the International Astronomical Union, General Secretary Dr. J. Bergeron, 98 bis, blvd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France, phone: 1-43258358, fax: 1-40512100; the National Science Foundation, Director Walter Massey, 1800 G Street NW, Room 520, Washington, DC 20550, (202) 357-9498 the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, Executive Officer Philip M. Smith, 2101 Constitution Av. NW, Washington, DC 20418, (202) 334-2000, (202) 334-2158 fax; The RAND Corporation, 1700 Main St., P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, California 90407, (310) 393-6411, (310) 393-4818 fax; The Hudson Institute, Chappaqua, New York, xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx (4) these key NASA personnel: NASA Administrator JPL Director Dr. Edward C. Stone, (818) 354-3405 Chief of the Extraterrestrial Research Division of NASA Ames, John Billingham, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; (5) Dr. Thomas McDonough, the SETI Director of the Planetary Society, 65 N. Catalina Av., Pasadena, CA xxxxx, (818) 793-5100 (6) The following heads of these Linguistic and Anthropological organizations Laboratory for Computational Linguistics, Carnegie Mellon University, Department of Philosophy, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; Director David A. Evans, (412) 268-5085, (412) 268-1440 fax; Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, University Station, Austin, TX 78713-7247, Director Dr. Winfred P. Lehman, (512) 471-4566, (512) 471-6084 fax; xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx and (7) the following individuals: Carl Sagan, David Duncan Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences Director, Laboratory for Planetary Studies, Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University, 302, Space Science Building CRSR, Ithaca, NY 14853, (607) 255-4341, (607) 255-8544 fax; David Baltimore, Nobel Laureate in Medicine and Physiology, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Av., New York, NY 10021-6399, (212) 327-7600, (212) 327-7949 fax; Richard Berendzen, President, American University, Physics Department, American University, Washington, DC 20016, (202) 885-1400, (202) 885-1428 fax; Eleanor. Margaret Burbidge, Past President of American Astronomical Society, Professor of Astronomy, Department of Physics, C-011, University of California, at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0111; Melvin Calvin, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, University Professor of Chemistry, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720; Alastair G.W. Cameron, former Chairman of the Space Science Board of the National Research Council, Professor of Astronomy, Harvard University, Harvard College Observatory, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138; M.S. Chadha, Senior Researcher, Phabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, India, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Francis Crick, Nobel laureate in Medicine and Physiology, Distinguished Research Professor, Salk Institute of Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Rd., La Jolla, CA 92037, (619) 453-4100, (619) 453-3105 fax; David Russell Criswell, Institute of Space Systems Operations, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-5502; Robert S. Dixon, Assistant Director, Ohio State University Radio Observatory, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx I.M. Donohue, Former Chairman of the Space Sciences Board of the National Research Council, Profesor of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Michigan, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Frank D. Drake, former Director of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Goldwin Smith Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University, University of California 413 Natural Science Bldg. II, Santa Cruz, CA 95064; Freeman J. Dyson, Professor of Physics, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, Olden Lane, Princeton, NJ 08540, (609) 734-8000, (609) 734-8399 fax; Manfred Eigen, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Gottingen 37077, Germany, phone (0551) 201432; Thomas Eisner, Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Biology, NB&B, 347 Mudd Bldg., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; James L. Elliot, Associate Professor of Astronomy and Physics and Director of the George R. Wallace Astrophysical Observatory, MIT, 77 Massacgusetts Ave., Bldg. 54-422A, Cambridge, MA 02139, (617) 253-6315, (617) 253-6208 fax; George B. Field, Senior Scientist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and Profesor of Astronomy, Harvard University, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, (617) 495-7461, (617) 495-7326 fax; Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Lenin Peace Prize Laureate, Senior Staff Member, Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninskiy Prospekt 53, Moscow 117924, Russia, phone 1354264, fax 1358533; Thomas Gold, former Director of the Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, John L. Wetherill Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University, 7 Pleasant Grove, Ithaca, NY 14850, (607) 255-4341, (607) 255-8544 fax; Leo Goldberg, past President of the International Astronomical Union, former Director of the Kitt Peak National Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, (602) 327-5511, (602) 325-9360 fax; Peter Goldreich, Lee A. DuBridge Professor of Astrophysics, 176 S. Bridge, California Institute of Technology, 1201 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, California 91125, (818) 354-6193; J. Richard Gott III, Associate Professor of Astrophysics, Princeton University, xxxx Princeton, NJ 08544; Stephen J. Gould, Professor of Geology and Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, (617) 495-2463, (617) 495-5667 fax; Tor Hagfors, former Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Trondheim in Norway, Director of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Cornell University, Max Planck Institute of Aeronomy, Post Fach 20 D-3411, Katlenburg-Lindan, Germany Stephen W. Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB3 9EW, England David S. Heeschen, Senior Scientist and former Director of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Rd., Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475, (804) 296-0211, (804) 296-0278 fax; Jean Heidmann, Chief Astronomer, Observatoire de Paris (Paris Observatory), F-92195 Meudon, France, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Gerhard Hertzberg, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, Distinguished Research Scientist, National Research Council of Canada, (613) 993-9101, (613) 952-9696 fax; Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, President, University of Notre Dame, P.O. Box Q, Notre Dame, IN 46556, (219) 631-5303, (219) 239-6927 fax; Paul M. Horowitz, Professor of Physics, Harvard University, xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Sir Fred Hoyle, former Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, former Director of the Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, England, c/o the Royal Society, 6 Carleton House Terrace, London SWIY 5AG, England; Eric M. Jones, Staff Member, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, MSF 665, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545, (505) 667-7000, (505) 665-3910 fax; Jun Jugaku, Research Institute of Civilization, Tokai University, Hiratskuka, Kanagawa 259-12, Japan, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx N.S. Kardashev, Director of the Samarkand Radio Observatory Institute for Cosmic Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, & Astrospace Center, Moscow, Russia, xxxxxxxxxxx Kenneth I. Kellerman, Senior Scientist, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Rd., Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475, (804) 296-0211, (804) 296-0278 fax; Michael J. Klein, Senior Scientist, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, (818) 354-7132, home: (213) 255-2410; Richard B. Lee, Professor of Anthropology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Per-Olaf Lindblad, Professor of Astronomy and Director of the Stockholm Observatory, S-133 00 Saltsjobeden, Sweden, phone 8-7170380, fax: 8-7174719; Paul D. MacLean, Chief of the Laboratory of Brain Evolutionm and Behavior, National Institute of Mental Health, 9916 Logan Dr., Potomac, MD 20854, (301) 496-1371, (301) 480-1668 fax; Mikhail Ya. Marov, Department Chief, M.V. Keldesh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, and Professor of Planetary Physics, Moscow State University, Miuskaya Ploshchad 4, Moscow 125047, Russia, phone: 95-9723714; Matthews Meselson, Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences and Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Harvard University, 7 Divinity Av., Cambridge, MA 02138; Marvin L. Minsky, Donner Professor of Science, former Director of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Media Laboratory, MIT, 20 Ames St., Cambridge, MA 02139, (617) 253-0338, (617) 258-6264 fax; Masaki Morimoto, Director, Nobeyama Radio Observatory, Tokyo, Japan, xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Philip Morrison, Institute Professor, MIT, xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Bruce C. Murray, former Director of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Professor of Geological and Planetary Science, 159 S. Mudd, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, (818) 354-3780,; William L. Newman, Assistant Professor of Planetary Physics and Astronomy, Dept. of Earth & Space Science, University of California at Los Angeles, Westwood, CA 90024-1567, (310) 206-0686, (310) 206-5673 fax; Jan H. Oort, Past President of the International Astronomical Union, Professor of Astronomy, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Ernst J. Opik, Senior Scientist, Armagh University, Northern Ireland, xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Leslie E. Orgel, Research Professor, the Salk Institute, Adjunct Professor of Chemistry, University of California at San Diego, P.O. Box 85800, San Diego, CA 92186-5800, (619) 453-4100; Franco Pacini, Director, Arcetri Observatory, Largo E. Fermi 5, Firenze 50125 Italy, phone (055) 2752232, fax: (055) 220039; Michael D. Papagiannis, President of the Commission on the Search for Extraterrestrial Life of the International Astronomical Union, Chairman, Department of Astronomy, Boston University, Boston, 1105 Lexington St., No. 5-10, Waltham, MA 02154, (617) 353-3081, (617) 353-6488 fax; Rudolf Pesek, Chairman on Astronautics of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Czech Technical University, Prague, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx W.H. Pickering, National Medal of Science laureate, former Director of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Lignetics, Inc., 1150 Foothill Blvd., Suite E, La Canada, CA 91011, fax (818) 952-5009; Cyril Ponnamperuna, Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Laboratory of Chemical Evolution, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, (301) 405-1897, (301) 405-9375 fax; Jonathan Vos Post,, Edward M. Purcell, Nobel Laureate in Physics, Gade University Professor Emeritus, Lyman Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138; David M. Raup, Chairman, Department of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, 5757Woodlawn, Chicago, IL 60637, (312) 702-2163, (312) 702-2166 fax;, Grote Reber, Inventor of the Radiotelescope, Tasmania, Australia, xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Martin J. Rees, Phurman Professor of Astronomy and Director of the Institute of Astronomy, Madingly Road, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England, phone 337548, fax 337523 Dale A. Russell, Chief of the Paleontology Division, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Canada, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Roald J. Sagdeev, former Director of the Institute for Cosmic Research, Soviet Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, now at the Physics Department, University of Maryland Claude E. Shannon, Inventor of Communication Theory, National Medal of Science, Donner Professor of Science Emeritis, MIT, 5 Cambridge St., Winchester, MA 01890; Jill Tarter, Research Astronomer, University of California at Berkeley, NASA Ames Research Center, MS TR-002, Moffett Field, CA 94035, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Kip S. Thorne, Richard P. Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics, 151 W. Bridge Annex, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, (818) 354-4598, (818) 441-0685 home,; V.S. Troitsky, Scientific Director, Radiophysics Research Institute, Gorky, Russia, xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx J.P. Vallee, Hertzberg Institute of Astrophysics, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Sebastian von Hoerner, Senior Staff Member, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Krumenacker-Str. 186, Esslingen 73733 Germany; Edward O. Wilson, National Medal of Science laureate, Baird Professor of Science and Professor of Biology, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, (617) 495-2463, (617) 495-5667 fax; Benjamin Zuckerman, Professor of Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Av., Los Angeles, CA 90024 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Appendix: Declaration of Principles Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (The "Post-Detection Protocol")

We, the institutions and individuals participating in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, Recognizing that the search for extraterrestrial intelligence is an integral part of space exploration and is being undertaken for peaceful purposes and for the common interest of all mankind, Inspired by the profound significance for mankind of detecting evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence, even though the probability of detection may be low, Recalling the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, which commits States Parties to that Treaty to "inform the Secretary General of the United Nations as well as the public and international scientific community, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, of the nature, conduct, locations and results" of their space exploration activities (Article XI). Recognizing that any initial detection may be incomplete or ambiguous and thus require careful examination as well as confirmation, and that it is essential to maintain the highest standards of scientific responsibility and credibility, Agree to observe the following principles for disseminating information about the detection of extraterrestrial intelligence: 1. Any individual, public or private research institution, or government agency that believes it has detected a signal from or other evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence (the discoverer) should seek to verify that the most plausible explanation for the evidence is the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence rather than some other natural phenomenon or anthropogenic phenomenon before making any public announcement. If the evidence cannot be confirmed as indicating the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence, the discoverer may disseminate the information as appropriate to the discovery of any unknown phenomenon. 2. Prior to making a public announcement that the evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence has been detected, the discoverer should promptly inform all other observers or research organizations that are parties to this declaration, so that those other parties may seek to confirm the discovery by independent observations at other sites and so that a network can be established to enable continuous monitoring of the signal or phenomenon. Parties to this declaration should not make any public announcement of this information until it is determined whether this information is or is not credible evidence of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence. The discoverer should inform his/her or its relevant national authorities. 3. After concluding that the discovery appears to credible evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence, and after informing other parties to this declaration, the discoverer should inform observers throughout the world through the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams of the International Astronomical Union, and should inform the Secretary General of the United Nations in accordance with Article XI of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. Because of their demonstrated interest in and expertise concerning the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence, the discoverer should simultaneously inform the following international institutions of the discovery and should provide them with all pertinent data and recorded information concerning the evidence: the International Telecommunications Union, the Committee on Space Research of the International Council of Scientific Unions, the International Astronautical Federation, the International Academy of Astronautics, the International Institute of Space Law, Commission 51 of the International Astronomical Union and Commission J of the International Radio Science Union. 4. A confirmed detection of extraterrestrial intelligence should be disseminated promptly, openly, and widely through scientific channels and public media, observing the procedures in this declaration. The discoverer shall have the privilege of making the first public announcement. 5. All data necessary for the confirmation of detection should be made available to the international scientific community through publications, meetings, conferences, and other appropriate means. 6. The discovery should be confirmed and monitored and any data bearing on the evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be recorded and stored permanently to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, in a form that will make it available for further analysis and interpretation. These recordings should be made available to the international institutions listed above and to members of the scientific community for further objective analysis and interpretation. 7. If the evidence of detection is in the form of electromagnetic signals, the parties to this declaration should seek international agreement to protect the appropriate frequencies by exercising the extraordinary procedures established within the World Administrative Radio Council of the International Telecommunication Union. 8. No response to a signal or other evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be sent until appropriate international consultations have taken place. The procedures for such consultations will be the subject of a separate agreement, declaration or arrangement. 9. The SETI Committee of the International Academy of Astronautics, in coordination with Commission 51 of the International Astronomical Union, will conduct a continuing review of the procedures for the detection of extraterrestrial intelligence and the subsequent handling of the data. Should credible evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence be discovered, an international committee of scientists and other experts should be established to serve as a focal point for continuing analysis of all observational evidence collected in the aftermath of the discovery, and also to provide advice on the release of information to the public. The committee should be constituted from representatives of each of the international institutions listed above and such other members as the committee may deem necessary. To facilitate the convocation of such a committee at some unknown time in the future, the SETI Committee of the International Academy of Astronautics should initiate and maintain a current list of willing representatives from each of the institutions listed above, as well as other individuals with relevant skills, and should make that list continuously available through the Secretariat of the International Academy of Astronautics. The International Academy of Astronautics will act as the Depository for this declaration and will annually provide a current list of parties to all the parties to this declaration. [endorsed April 1989 by the Board of Trustees of the International Academy of Astronautics and the Board of Directors of the International Institute of Space Law]